Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera

Demospongiae Sollas, 1885

Rank: Class
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Class group names

Ceractinomorpha Lévi, 1953 synonym
Tetractinomorpha Lévi, 1953 synonym


Agelasida Hartman, 1980
Astrophorida Sollas, 1887
Chondrosida Boury-Esnault & Lopès, 1985
Demospongiae incertae sedis Vacelet, Perez & Hooper, 2002
Dendroceratida Minchin, 1900
Dictyoceratida Minchin, 1900
Hadromerida Topsent, 1894
Halichondrida Gray, 1867
Haplosclerida Topsent, 1928
'Lithistida' Schmidt, 1870
Poecilosclerida Topsent, 1928
Spirophorida Bergquist & Hogg, 1969
Verongida Bergquist, 1978

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Dutch: gewone sponzen sources: de Ruijter, E.; Schoenmaker, A. (Ed.) (1989). Zeeboek [The sea book]. 2nd revised ed. Jeugdbondsuitgeverij JBU / Stichting Uitgeverij KNNV: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5107-007-1. 238 pp.
 English: demosponges; horny sponges; lithistid sponges sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English-United States: horny sponges sources: Charles Hussey
 Swedish: horn- och kiselsvampar sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Звича́йні гу́бки


original description

Sollas, W.J. 1885b. A Classification of the Sponges. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5) 16(95): 395.

basis of record

Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-306-47260-0. xix, 1-1101, 1103-1706 (2 volumes) pp.

additional source

Chombard, C.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Tillier, A.; Vacelet, J.1997. Polyphyly of ‘Sclerosponges’ (Porifera, Demospongiae) Supported by 28S Ribosomal Sequences. Biological Bulletin 193:359-367.

additional source

Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp.

additional source

Sollas, W.J. 1885c. A Classification of the Sponges. Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society (new series) 5: 112.

additional source

Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Class Demospongiae Sollas, 1885, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 15-18

additional source

Boury-Esnault, N. (2006). Systematics and evolution of Demospongiae. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 84, 205-224



External Links



van Soest, R. (2014). Demospongiae. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:164811




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2009-11-20 by Rob van Soest

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